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西斯汀教堂天花壁画

和英

 

  西斯汀教堂(Sistine Chapel)天花壁画,是1508年到1512年间,米开朗基罗(Michelangelo, di Lodovico Buonarroti-simoni, 1475-1564) 应教皇朱力阿斯二世(Pope Julius II)之请到教廷完成的作品。西斯汀教堂位於梵蒂冈,建於1473-81年,是当时教皇所在的教堂。

 

  米开朗基罗是意大利雕塑家,画家,建筑师和诗人。他在西斯汀教堂的天花壁画中,呈现了无与伦比之才华。

 ◆九幅 创世记图
 ◆四幅在角落下悬部分图
 ◆四幅在下悬部分上端的一对铜裸像图
 ◆八幅铜裸像图
 ◆七幅先知图
 ◆五幅女先知Sibyl图
 ◆二十幅 ignudi 图
 ◆十幅大圆装饰章图

  首先,米开朗基罗绘出上帝创造天地的全能,威严与对人类特別的爱。创造亚当图(观看)中,上帝与亚当的手若触若离,使我们看到上帝的手指,向亚当传出一股生命的能量。圣经记载,上帝向亚当的鼻孔吹一口气,使他成为有灵的活人。

   当亚当夏娃被逐出伊甸园时,他们十分羞惭,罪疚使他们面向天使时,也十分惧怕。不过,並非沒有盼望。(观看)

   画大洪水时(观看),米开朗基罗描绘到那些沒有进入方舟的人,面对洪水时是何等的怆惶惧怕。只有挪亚一家八口,听从上帝的话,建造並进入方舟,才免於灭亡。圣经说:“挪亚因着信,既蒙神指示他未见的事,动了敬畏的心,预备了一只方舟,使他全家得救。因此就定了那世代的罪,自己也承受了那从信而来的义。”

  借着信,挪亚在洪水中得以存活。米开朗基罗也曾借着一首诗,展示他对上帝的信靠:

    唯独借信 By Faith Alone  Michelangelo
全地上的物再沒有比我更邪恶卑贱
如果沒有你,我的人生只有悲惨。
现在,我的灵陷在诸多的错失里面,
软弱,疲倦,不坚,恳求你的赦免。
至高的主啊﹗向我伸展那施恩的鍊,
那鍊,与各样神圣的恩赐相连﹕
我以信心的极限倾诉灵魂的深愿,
逃避肉慾,它的路引向死亡阴间。
有了稀有恩赐中最大的恩赐,仍然
愿求更加丰盛﹔还再要求更加添,
因为世界不能夠给真实的满足平安,
唯独借着信,使我的內心成为
涌流出悲苦眼淚的泉源,真实悔罪﹕
此外再沒有別的钥匙能开启天堂门限。
No earthly object is more base and vile
Than I, without Thee, miserable am.
My spirit now, midst errors multiform,
Weak, wearied, and infirm, pardon implores.
O Lord most high! extend to me that chain
Which with itself links every gift divine:
Chiefest to my faith I bid my soul aspire,
Flying from sense, whose path conducts to death.
The rarer be this gift of gifts, the more
May it to be abound; and still the more,
Since the world yields not true content and peace
By faith alone the font of bitter tears
Can spring within my heart, made penitent:
No other key unlocks the gates of heaven.

 

  米开朗基罗在这幅天花壁画里,告诉了我们不少故事。仔细分析处处,你可会有更多的发现(按下图不同的地方,可以浏览该局之放大图和详细资料)。

按下图之不同区览局部放大及详细资料
按下图的览放大全图

David and Goliath Prophet Zechariah Judith and Holofernes The coat of arms of the della Rovere Prophet Joel Drunkenness of Noah Delphic Sibyl The Deluge Putti Putti Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Ignudo Punishment of Haman The Brazen Serpent Bronze nudes Bronze nudes Prophet Jonah Separation of Light from Darkness Creation of the Sun, Moon, and Plants Separation of the Earth from the Waters Creation of Eve Creation of Adam The Fall and the Expulsion from the Garden of Eden Sacrifice of Noah Bronze nudes Bronze nudes Ancestors of Christ: Zerubabbel's family Ancestors of Christ: Jechoniah's family Ancestors of Christ: Uzziah's family Ancestors of Christ: Hezekiah's family Ancestors of Christ: Rehoboam's family Ancestors of Christ: Asa's family Ancestors of Christ: Salmon's family Ancestors of Christ: Jesse's family Prophet Isaiah Prophet Ezekiel Prophet Daniel Prophet Jeremiah Putto holding the painted marble tablet with the name of Jeremiah Lybian Sibyl Persian Sibyl Cumaean Sibyl Pair of putti Erythraean Sibyl Putto holding a painted marble tablet with the name of the Sibyl Medallion: Murder of Abner Medallion: Bidkar Throwing the Body of the deposed King Joram from his Chariot in Naboth's Vineyard Medallion: Destruction of the Statue of the God Baal Medallion: Killing of Uriah Medallion: Destruction of the Tribe of Ahab Medallion: David before the Prophet Nathan Medallion not decorated Medallion: Death of Absolon Elijah Ascending to Heaven on the Chariot of Fire Medallion: Sacrifice of Isaac Lunette: Eleazar - Matthan Lunette: Azor - Zadok Lunette: Achim - Eliud Lunette: Josiah - Jechoniah - Shealtiel Lunette: Zerubbabel - Abiud - Eliakim Lunette: Hezekiah - Manasseh - Amon Lunette: Uzziah - Jotham - Ahaz Lunette: Asa - Jehoshaphat - Joram Lunette: Rehoboam - Abijah Lunette: Jesse - David - Solomon Lunette: Salmon - Boaz - Obed Lunette: Amminadab Lunette: Nahshon Side wall with lunette and popes Lunette: Jacob - Joseph Zoom the image of the entire ceiling

 

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